Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cottage in Hardin County, Kentucky his family enthused to southern Indiana in 1816. Lincoln's formal education was imperfect to three concise periods in local schools, as he had to work continually to hold his family. In 1830, his family enthused to Macon County in southern Illinois, and Lincoln got a job effective on river flatboat transportation freight down the Mississippi River to New Orleans.
After settling in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where he worked as a retailer and a postmaster, Lincoln became involved in local politics as a follower of the Whig Party, winning voting to the Illinois state legislature in 1834. Like his Whig heroes, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, Lincoln opposite the increase of slavery to the territories, and had a grand hallucination of the increasing United States, with a focus on trade and cities quite than agriculture. Lincoln trained himself law, passing the bar assessment in 1836. The following year, he enthused to the newly named state assets of Springfield.
President of Wartime:
In the universal election, Lincoln again faced Douglas, who symbolize the northern Democrats southern Democrats had designated John C. Breckenridge of Kentucky, while John Bell ran for the make new legitimate Union Party. With Breckenridge and Bell splitting the choose in the South, Lincoln won the majority of the North and carried the Electoral College. After years of sectional tensions, the vote of an antislavery northerner as the 16th leader of the United States troop many southerners over the threshold, and by the time Lincoln was inaugurate in March 1861 seven southern states had seceded from the amalgamation and formed the Confederate States of America.
After Lincoln prearranged a fleet of Union ships to provide South Carolina's Fort Sumter in April, the partner fired on the fort and the Union fleet, commencement the Civil War. Hopes for a rapid Union conquest were dashed by overwhelm in the Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), and Lincoln called for 500,000 additional troops as both sides established in for a long divergence.
While the associate leader Jefferson Davis was a West Point adapts, Mexican War hero and earlier secretary of war, Lincoln had only a concise and ordinary period of service in the Black Hawk War (1832) to his recognition. He astonished many by proving to be a more than competent wartime leader, knowledge rapidly about strategy and strategy in the early years of the Civil War, and about choosing the ablest commanders.